Nine of every ten Haitians spoke only Creole, which was the everyday language for the entire population. The foundation of this language is from the French form of Creole. "; Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. Within Black Haitians, 86% were Black African, 12% were Black European and 2% were Native American. Furthermore, there are very few texts written in Haitian Creole. In 2006, each Haitian household had an average of 4.5 members. Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with close to 60% of the population living under the national poverty line, Haiti’s GDP growth rose to 5.5% in 2011 as the Haitian economy began recovering from the devastating January 2010 earthquake that destroyed much of its capital city, Port-au-Prince, and neighboring areas. Percentage of the total population living in households in which a given language is spoken at home. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The school system in Haiti remains in shambles after the 2010 earthquake damaged or destroyed the majority of schools. ... Haitian Language … Although a national census was taken in Haiti in 2003, much of that data has not been released. , The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):, Demographic statistics below are based on the 2019 World Population Review. Roman Catholics are estimated to be 80% of the Haitian population. The most spoken language among Haitians is Creole. About one in ten also spoke French. Haiti is the eighty-fifth most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of 11,123,178 as of July 2018. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere. Key demographic indicators for Haiti: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. In 2010, Haiti was struck by what has been called the strongest earthquake since 1770. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population of Haiti in 2018 was 11,123,178, as compared to 3,221,000 in 1950. There are two distinct languages that are spoken in the whole of Haiti. Spanish is spoken more frequently near Haiti's border with the Dominican Republic. The French brought thousands of African slaves to work on the sugarcane plantations in Haiti. The timing of the ceremonies depends on the monetary status of the family performing them; poorer families try to save money, waiting until there is a need to perform the rituals. While most Haitians learn to speak Haitian Creole from birth, French is typically learned by attending public or private school.. Approximately one in every six Haitians lives abroad. Haiti lacks diversity in terms of the languages spoken in the country. , Large-scale emigration, principally to the Dominican Republic, United States, and Canada (predominantly to Quebec) has created what Haitians refer to as the Eleventh Department or the Diaspora. The recent emergence of a middle class has only exacerbated the debate over what should be considered "true" Haiti. Haiti is one of the most populous nations in the Caribbean region. As more Africans were brought in, their population sharply rose and outnumbered the white population.  In Haiti's case, the fertility rate nearly tripled after the 2010 Haiti earthquake and is likely to remain above pre-quake levels for many years. Currently, Haiti has an estimated population of 10 million people. Haiti’s fertility rate of 2.96 births per woman and negative net migration has resulted in a population growth rate of about 1.24%. Haitians have this ability to a degree that I have only rarely observed before. The Haitian government confirmed an outbreak of cholera in October 2010. Today, the Republic of Haiti has two official languages, French and Haitian Creole. Despite French being the administrative language in Haiti, only 5 percent of Haitians are fluent in the language. Haitian Creole is spoken throughout Haiti, although it differs by region. ", https://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/18/world/americas/18americans.html?_r=0, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Haiti&oldid=1003865367#Languages, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One net migrant every 15 minutes on average, Net gain of one person every 4 minutes on average, This page was last edited on 31 January 2021, at 02:05. The Haitian propensity for acquiring and using foreign languages is impressive. Haiti: Country profile The present context. All Haitians speak Haitian Creole, while only about 20 percent of the population speaks French. Vodou bears similarities to Cuban Santeria due to the large Cuban population in Haiti. They stand in a relationship of subordination and inferiority to a European language, the language of the conqueror (French, English, Dutch, or in fewer cases, Spanish or Portuguese). Haiti population density. Haiti and Canada are the only sovereign nations in the American region to have French as an official language. Even in Haiti whose 5 million inhabitants (all of whom are creolophone) French . Spanish is Cuba’s official language but the present administration has not put in place a one language rule.  This article provides the most up-to-date demographic information available for Haitian immigrants in the United States, including statistics on distribution by state and metro area, educational and professional attainment, income levels, health care coverage, and more. ... 22 percent of children in the country are chronically malnourished, 10 percent are underweight and 66 percent of under-5s suffer from anemia. 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